A Consultant Paediatric Haematologist and Oncologist at the Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Idi-Araba, Prof. Edamisan Temiye, has stated reasons some children have low intelligence quotient (IQ), and have difficulties with their studies.
According to Prof. Temiye, although low IQ in children is genetically determined, the environment can also make a child have low intelligence, and malnutrition is a major reason some children develop low IQ.
Speaking in an exclusive interview with PUNCH HealthWise, the paediatrician said the brain development of a child starts from the womb.
Prof. Temiye explained, “The first 2,000 days of a child’s life, that is from conception to two years, during that period 99 percent of the child’s brain volume had been developed.
“So, if anything happens during that period to affect that development, it will affect the intelligence of that child.
“If the child does not have the requisite nutrition for the brain to grow maximally at that period, not just physical growth, that growth affects the brain and it is permanent. Now, by the time two years pass, the child has lost it.”
The professor added that parents not allowing their children to explore their environment could also make them develop low IQ.
“Then, If you don’t expose the child to the environment to learn, you know that children are naturally inquisitive to learn, they want to know this, they want to touch this, if you don’t guide them to learn through that phase, it will affect the child’s growth.
“If you don’t allow a child to explore his environment, it will affect the child’s growth. A child should be allowed to explore his environment under guidance.
“So, if the physical environment is too violent, the child will not grow appropriately,” the child care expert said.
He noted, “A child specifically may be born to be a high-level intelligent person that will be in the high five percent of the society, if that child’s environment walks against him, he may eventually grow up to be in the lowest five percent of the society, a dullard.”