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9 facts about HIV/AIDS


World AIDS Day is observed annually on December 1. This is a chance for people all over the world to come together to fight against HIV, support those who are living with HIV and remember those who have passed away from AIDS-related illnesses. 

You likely already know that HIV/AIDS continues to be a global health emergency and that advocacy and action are essential to ensuring that everyone has access to HIV/AIDS treatment.

It is important that each of us contribute in some way to combating this global issue. Here are some crucial HIV/AIDS-related information you should be aware of before you begin.

HIV and AIDS are different

HIV is a virus that can lead to AIDS. HIV impacts an individual’s immune system and causes it to deteriorate. HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus.

AIDS is a condition that can result from HIV if it is not treated. AIDS stands for Acquired Immuno-Deficiency Syndrome, and it develops when HIV has caused serious damage to the immune system.”

Although there is no cure for HIV, it is possible to live with it. 

As of today, there is no cure for HIV, but the disease can be managed with the right and proper medical care and treatment.

HIV can be managed through treatments that are made up of “a combination of three or more antiretroviral (ARV) drugs.” Those who undergo antiretroviral therapy (ART) are not cured of HIV, but ART can help strengthen an individual’s immune system and ability to fight off infections.

Symptoms and signs of HIV

Symptoms and signs can vary, depending on the stage of infection. At first, the body might experience an “influenza-like” illness, or no symptoms at all. This usually occurs during the first few weeks after the initial infection. But as the infection progresses and the immune system weakens, symptoms such as weight loss, fever, diarrhea, cough, and swollen lymph nodes can occur.


Transmission of HIV can happen in a number of ways. It can move between people through the exchange of bodily fluids such as blood, breast milk, and more. Beyond that, it can also be transmitted between a mother and child during pregnancy and through childbirth, through blood transfusions, through intercourse, or through the sharing of contaminated needles.

Around 38.4 million people were living with HIV as of 2021

UNAIDS estimated that around 38.4 million people were living with HIV at the end of 2021. Approximately two-thirds of people living with HIV, or 25.8 million people, are in Africa. There is still significant work needed to tackle HIV/AIDS. In 2021, 650,000 people died from HIV-related causes.

LGAs in Lagos with high HIV prevalence rates are Ojo, Apapa, and Ikorodu

A report from a survey carried out by the Maryland Global Initiatives Corporation and titled ‘Nigerian HIV/AIDS Indicator and Impact Survey report in Lagos State’

The report covers the overall HIV/AIDS surveillance in the state. LGAs with high HIV prevalence rates are Ojo, Apapa, and Ikorodu. The report finds that the high HIV prevalence rate is among people aged 15-64 years across the LGAs. It also indicated that the prevalence rate in Eti-Osa is at 6.1 percent; Ibeju-Lekki 3.1 percent; Epe 3.1 percent; Ojo 3.1 percent; Apapa 2.9 percent and Ikorodu 2.8 percent. 

According to the report, HIV prevalence among adults in Lagos State is 1.3 percent, with women accounting for 1.9 percent compared to men at 0.8 percent. The report also put the overall viral load suppression prevalence among adults living with HIV at 42.0 percent.

No one is immune to HIV/AIDS

There is a stigma that HIV/AIDS only affects certain groups. But HIV/AIDS can affect anyone. While it might be more prevalent in certain parts of the world and certain groups are more at risk, HIV/AIDS, like other diseases, knows no boundaries. It can impact people regardless of where they’re from or what communities they are a part of.

Global crises are threatening progress in the fight against HIV/AIDS

There has been major progress in the fight against HIV/AIDS over the past two decades, but the COVID-19 pandemic is impacting that progress. In 2021, 1.5 million people became newly infected with HIV. This was partly due to COVID-19, which interrupted testing and treatment, and the lingering impacts of other global crises

You can make a difference in the fight by raising awareness

It’s time to act now that you’ve read HIV/AIDS facts. Encourage world leaders to contribute to the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria by joining us in this call. Also, take action by spreading the word about this article to raise awareness.



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